VPP/Configure VPP As A Router Between Namespaces

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This example shows how to configure VPP as an IPv4 router between 2 linux namespaces (or containers).

In this setup we use 2 linux veth interface pairs as an interconnect between VPP and 2 different namespaces called vpp1 and vpp2.

Setup

The Linux infrastructure can be setup by running this bash script:

#!/bin/bash

if [ $USER != "root" ] ; then
    echo "Restarting script with sudo..."
    sudo $0 ${*}
    exit
fi

# delete previous incarnations if they exist
ip link del dev veth_vpp1
ip link del dev veth_vpp2
ip netns del vpp1
ip netns del vpp2

#create namespaces
ip netns add vpp1
ip netns add vpp2

# create and configure 1st veth pair
ip link add name veth_vpp1 type veth peer name vpp1
ip link set dev vpp1 up
ip link set dev veth_vpp1 up netns vpp1

ip netns exec vpp1 \
  bash -c "
    ip link set dev lo up
    ip addr add 172.16.1.2/24 dev veth_vpp1
    ip route add 172.16.2.0/24 via 172.16.1.1
"

# create and configure 2st veth pair
ip link add name veth_vpp2 type veth peer name vpp2
ip link set dev vpp2 up
ip link set dev veth_vpp2 up netns vpp2

ip netns exec vpp2 \
  bash -c "
    ip link set dev lo up
    ip addr add 172.16.2.2/24 dev veth_vpp2
    ip route add 172.16.1.0/24 via 172.16.2.1
"

Modify Startup


This section has been deprecated.

Creating an af_packet interface via the (/etc/vpp/startup.conf) file is no longer supported. Use the CLI create host-interface as described below. This section was left in place for historical purposes.

VPP will attach to interfaces vpp1 and vpp2 over the linux AF_PACKET interface, which is not high performing but still significantly faster than standard TUN/TAP. You need to change the VPP startup config file (/etc/vpp/startup.conf) to contain the following lines:

dpdk {
  no-pci
  vdev eth_af_packet0,iface=vpp1
  vdev eth_af_packet1,iface=vpp2
}

Make sure to restart the VPP executable after you modify the startup.conf file.

Configure Interfaces

We need to configure VPP interface ip address and interface state:

sudo vppctl create host-interface name vpp1
sudo vppctl create host-interface name vpp2
sudo vppctl set int state host-vpp1 up
sudo vppctl set int state host-vpp2 up
sudo vppctl set int ip address host-vpp1 172.16.1.1/24
sudo vppctl set int ip address host-vpp2 172.16.2.1/24

Test

We should now be able to send a ping from one namespace to another:

$ sudo ip netns exec vpp1 ping 172.16.2.1 -c 1
PING 172.16.2.2 (172.16.2.2) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from 172.16.2.2: icmp_seq=1 ttl=63 time=0.135 ms

--- 172.16.2.2 ping statistics ---
1 packets transmitted, 1 received, 0% packet loss, time 0ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.135/0.135/0.135/0.000 ms

Using the VPP debug Command-line Interface (CLI) we can verify interface and fib statistics.

Use the VPP CLI command show ip arp:

vpp# show ip arp
    Time      FIB        IP4      Stat      Ethernet              Interface
   1050.5729   0     172.16.1.2         5a:df:31:28:dc:5c         host-vpp1
   1050.5768   0     172.16.2.2         12:fa:19:cb:39:e3         host-vpp2

Use the command show interface:

vpp# show interface
              Name               Idx       State          Counter          Count
host-vpp1                         5         up       rx packets                     1
                                                     rx bytes                      98
                                                     tx packets                     1
                                                     tx bytes                      98
                                                     ip4                            1
host-vpp2                         6         up       rx packets                     1
                                                     rx bytes                      98
                                                     tx packets                     1
                                                     tx bytes                      98
                                                     ip4                            1

Use the command show ip fib:

vpp# show ip fib
Table 0, fib_index 0, flow hash: src dst sport dport proto
     Destination         Packets          Bytes         Adjacency
172.16.1.0/24                      0               0 weight 1, index 3
                                                     arp host-vpp1 172.16.1.1/24
172.16.1.1/32                      0               0 weight 1, index 4
                                                     local 172.16.1.1/24
172.16.1.2/32                      0               0 weight 1, index 11
                                                     host-vpp1
                                                     IP4: 02:fe:67:ce:36:a9 -> 5a:df:31:28:dc:5c
172.16.2.0/24                      1              98 weight 1, index 5
                                                     arp host-vpp2 172.16.2.1/24
172.16.2.1/32                      0               0 weight 1, index 6
                                                     local 172.16.2.1/24
172.16.2.2/32                      0               0 weight 1, index 9
                                                     host-vpp2
                                                     IP4: 02:fe:cc:9a:f7:d4 -> 12:fa:19:cb:39:e3